The department is manned by Physiotherapists with the assistance of Rehabilitation Technicians and Nurse Aides. The role of a Physiotherapist is to assess through a comprehensive evaluation of the individuals problems by asking questions and a physical examination with the aim of managing the diagnosis through a treatment plan.
The major conditions seen in the department can be categorised in to three groups namely musculoskeletal, cardiothoracic and neurological. Musculoskeletal conditions require the treatment of muscles, bones and joints which can also be referred to as orthopaedic conditions. The actual conditions can include back pain, sprains, strains, arthritis, bursitis, workplace and sports injuries, problems with posture, incontinence and reduced mobility as well as rehabilitation after surgery. Cardiothoracic conditions are disorders of the cardio-respiratory system which include asthma, emphysema and chronic bronchitis it also includes rehabilitation after thoracic surgery. The third group encampuses neurological conditions which are disorders of the nervous system including acquired head injuries, stroke, spinal cord injuries, Parkinson’s disease, multiple sclerosis as well as rehabilitation after brain surgery.
The therapists treatment plan will include various therapies which include but not limited to manual therapies(massage, stretching, manual resistance training, joint mobilisation and manipulation and spinal mobilisation), electrotherapy techniques(ultrasound, transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation(TENS) and diathermy), exercise programs(posture retraining, muscle strengthening, cardiovascular training and stretching), other services like taping and splinting as well as hydrotherapy for muscle strengthening and joint mobilisation. The department aims to provide the highest level of independence to the individual being treated.